A part of a speech in English are noun, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs.
Nouns are places, people, and things.
Adjectives describes words for example words like beautiful.
Verbs are things we do like action words, for example eat or climb.
Adverbs are phrases that have an adjective and a verb, adverbs also often ends with a ly.
Parts of speechs are different kind of words.